Worldwide there are a variety of STDs, The most common are according to the Federal Association of Gynecologists (BVF) infections with chlamydia. About 300,000 new cases are suspected annually. However, since there is no obligation to report chlamydia infections, the number of unreported cases may still be significantly higher, the Robert Koch Institute (RKI). Especially treacherous: Most of the affected do not feel any symptoms,
Chlamydia: So will the bacteria transfer
"Chlamydia is a form of bacteriathat live within a cell, "says the BVF. "In the Chlamydia variant, the infertility Chlamydia trachomatis. "These germs are transmissible only in very close skin contact and survive in a humid environment. Therefore, the bacteria not be transmitted by conventional skin contact, door handles or toilet seats. The biggest danger of a infection exists in unprotected oral, vaginal or anal intercourse. This also includes the risk of a smear infection through the sharing of contaminated sex toys. And: Even at birth, chlamydia can be transferred from the mother to the newborn, according to the association. Therefore, every pregnant woman by means of a urine test on the bacteria tested.
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Chlamydia infection: what is the danger?
Inflammation caused by chlamydia may, in a woman, cause the inner layer of the fallopian tubes to stick together, and thus the transport prevent the ovum to the uterus, so the Professional Association of Gynecologists (BVF). The bacteria could also affect the uterus, urethra, anus and mouth. And even with men could an unnoticed infection the vas deferens, testicles, epididymides and prostate lead to a fertility. On the other hand, newborns of an infectious mother usually have to fight conjunctivitis.
"At a small part of the infections with Chlamydia settle the bacteria also in joints and can cause inflammation there, "adds the initiative Love life of Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA). "In addition, chlamydia infection increases the risk of having unprotected sex HIV to infect. "
Possible symptoms one infection
The biggest problem of a infection With chlamydia, the disease was not reported in eight out of ten women symptoms caused. That also applies to every second man. Add to that the long incubation period. But who is one of the following symptoms should, according to the experts of the initiative love life visit a doctor:
- Unusual discharge from the vagina, penis or anus, as well as inter-bleeding
- Burning or pain when urinating
- Pain with vaginal or anal sex
- Itching on the vagina, penis or anus
Most of these would happen symptoms one to three weeks after the infection on. In any case, the experts advise to be examined even if the complaints would be better of themselves or vanish. From a self-diagnosis, antiseptics from the drugstore or home remedies BVF strongly advised against.
Have chlamydia treated: what can the doctor do?
A Chlamydia infestation can be detected by a urine examination or a smear of the affected mucosa. The cost of this will be covered by health insurance if there are signs of it infection gives. This also applies if chlamydia has been detected in the sexual partner.
Then an antibiotic remedy, with which the germ disappears within a few weeks. Important: The drug must be taken as long as it has been prescribed by the doctor. Otherwise, the bacteria multiply again ", so the initiative love life. "Until the treatment is finished, you should also abstain from sex."
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Prevent a Chlamydia infestation: That's how it works
According to the Federal Association of Obstetrics and Gynecologists (BVF), the use of a condom protects against most sexually transmitted diseases largely reliably. In oral sex, dental dams, ie wafer-thin latex wipes, could also be used. If sex toys are shared with others, a new condom should be used before each passing.
For young women, there is also the option of undergoing a urinalysis for chlamydia once a year as part of the concept of birth control up to the age of 25. Interested parties can contact their treating gynecologist.
By Jessica Orlowicz / RND
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