Since the beginning of the 21st century, the Dominican Republic has extradited several people to the United States who have been linked to drug trafficking and money laundering.

The last two to arrive in the United States to be tried were José Jesús Tapia Pérez “Bola Negra” and Baltazar Mesa “El Maestro”, two of those involved in the alleged network of drug trafficking and money laundering of César Emilio Peralta “El Abusador” , both delivered to the United States through decrees 285 and 286-19, dated September 2, 2019.

The two defendants accepted the extradition voluntarily and were later escorted to the San Isidro Air Base by the Special Investigations Unit of the National Drug Control Directorate (DNCD) and handed over to the Drug Control Administration (DEA) .

Tapia Pérez is accused of "criminal association with knowledge of distributing five or more kilograms of cocaine, with the intention, knowledge or having reasonable cause to believe that such controlled substance would be imported into the United States."

While Mesa is designated by the United States authorities as one of the leaders of a cocaine transportation and marketing organization based in the Dominican Republic.

Within the group of extradition orders are pending César el Abusador, who is a fugitive; Sergio Gómez, who will be known the process on October 1 and Jeifry del Rosario Gautier (Toñito Leña), who is serving prison for another case and is expected to withdraw the charge in that case to proceed to the extradition process.

Extradited drug traffickers

Also linking Cesar el Abusador's network, is Ramón Antonio del Rosario Puente, better known as “Toño Leña”, who was named as a major drug dealer for the United States, according to the Treasury Department.

Although his name has returned to ring, Toño Leña has been in the public arena since 1997 when he was seized by two stacks of 1,407 kilos of cocaine.

At the time, he was one of the most wanted men by the Dominican authorities for drug trafficking, mainly because he was considered a drug czar in the eastern part of the country and for being linked in 2010 with the escape of the Puerto Rican drug trafficker José Figueroa August.

That same year he was deported from Venezuela to the Dominican Republic, where he was sent to serve preventive detention in the Monte Plata prison. A year later, in December 2011, the Executive Branch ordered by decree 752-11 his extradition to the United States, on charges of drug trafficking.

He served a six-year prison sentence in Puerto Rico, accused of cocaine trafficking and after being released he was arrested in May 2018 by Colombian authorities.

He is currently awaiting extradition to the United States on charges of drug trafficking conspiracy.

Another drug dealer who was extradited to US territory was Quirino Paulino Castillo, who on December 18, 2004 was confiscated a stash of 1,387 kilos of cocaine, in a joint operation of the DNCD and the DEA.

Later, in February 2005, the Criminal Chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice (SCJ) ordered the extradition of Paulino Castillo, on charges of conspiracy to introduce the 1,387 kilos of cocaine seized in the country.

In the United States, he served a 10-year sentence and was released in January 2014 by Judge Kimba Wood, according to his lawyer Freddy Castillo.

Linked to the Quirino case, they were also extradited to the United States and returned to the country after serving sentences, the exoronel Lidio Nin Terrero, Tirso Cuevas Nin, José Arismendy Almonte Peña and Ernesto Guevara Díaz (Maconi).

Regarding the latter, Guevara Díaz (Maconi) was extradited to the United States in 2009, sentenced to 78 months in prison by a Court of Puerto Rico, which reduced him 12 months, after he pleaded guilty to trafficking a stash of more than one hundred kilos of cocaine in 2002.

Then, in January 2018, Maconi was arrested along with Dante Meraldo Medina and Dante Wilfredo Medina Ozuma, Dominicans, who are accused of being members of a drug trafficking organization linked to the stash of 1,570.41 kilos of cocaine confiscated inside the vessel KALUBA load

While Nin Terrero, extradited in 2005, served 67 months in prison in the United States after pleading guilty in May 2008 to the South District Court of New York, headed by Judge Kimba Wood, as part of negotiations with the federal prosecutor .

Nin Terrero served as the head of the “15 de Azua” jail at the time of his arrest and was responsible for guarding the cargo of the cocaine seized in December 2004.

Along with him was arrested the truck driver, Tirso Cuevas Nin, extradited on the same date, whose return to the country occurred in March 2009, after serving 48 months of the 51 to which he was sentenced.

As for José Arismendy Almonte Peña, better known as Joselito.com, bachatero and alleged businessman, he was extradited after the US authorities seized 153 kilos of cocaine at the end of March 2003.

Yubel Enrique Méndez Méndez, aka Oreganito, was extradited to the United States in December 2010 after joining the network of José David Figueroa Agosto.

The former chief of operations of the DNCD, Francisco Antonio Hiraldo Guerrero was extradited in March 2013, after being accused of belonging to a network of drug traffickers transporting cocaine to the United States.

The Dominican Republic signed the Extradition Treaty with the United States on June 19, 1909, which entered into force on August 2, 1910. In 2016, a new extradition treaty was formalized between the two countries.

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