The history of wireless electricity transmission dates back to the 19th century. For example, as early as 1893-94, Nikola Tesla demonstrated fluorescent lamps and incandescent lamps that were ignited “through the air” due to electromagnetic induction. And in 2009, the standard for wireless power for low currents, called Qi, was born. It was with him that the introduction of wireless charging for smartphones went, first in everyday life, and then in cars. Moreover, the system ceases to be the lot of only expensive cars, and more and more actively descends "down" into more accessible segments.
Another new wireless technology in cars is updating the on-board software “over the air” without having to call a dealer. All you need is the availability of the Internet. In addition to Tesla, they are already updating some of their models Audi, BMW, Ford and Volvo.
By the way, without wires you can charge not only a smartphone, but the car itself! For example, in 2017, BMW introduced a prototype of wireless charging for the 530e hybrid. The system consists of two devices: the first is mounted on the car parking place, the second – in the lower part of the sedan. He stopped the car over charging, turned it off and left, and after 3.5 hours the battery was already charged. A similar system was introduced in 2016 by Mercedes-Benz for the S 500 e hybrid. Charging from other manufacturers is just a matter of time.
Hyundai in 2018 presented a new way to protect the car, which is taken from smartphones. So, the new Santa Fe became the first production car in the world that opens and starts with a fingerprint, and not with the help of a familiar smart key, whose signal can be intercepted or simply stole a key fob. Fingerprint scanners stand on the door handles and engine start buttons: no longer carry RFID tags recognized by the keyless entry system.
In the future, Hyundai plans to expand the scope of this technology, including automatically setting the temperature, steering wheel position, as well as setting other functions.
The device recognizes the fingerprint, the controller compares it with the existing sample and unlocks the locks, and the automation, "recognizing" the specific driver, adjusts the seat, mirrors and multimedia system for it. The manufacturer emphasizes that the new technology is five times safer than the usual key cards, since the likelihood that the electronics will take the fingerprint of a stranger for the fingerprint of the car owner is only 1 in 50,000.
Founded by Russian Vitaly Ponomarev, the WayRay project with a development center in Moscow may well make a small revolution in the future. The company is preparing a technology for holographic augmented reality, which projects a three-dimensional image not on a part, but on the entire windshield, turning it into one large screen.
Not only the navigator’s hints, but also the designation of the lane, turns or even the trajectory of the racetrack, traffic signals, weather forecasts, “points of interest”, information about shops or discounts on the road, notifications of social networks, etc. can be displayed on the “windshield”. Harman, Honda and Porsche are already cooperating with WayRay, and the appearance of this technology on production cars is expected in 2020.
Today, a car can be reached via … a smartphone! Do not call him, of course. But through the application, you can start the engine from the balcony to warm up the passenger compartment, lock and unlock the doors, turn on the lights, open the trunk, find out the location and fuel supply in the tank, carry out diagnostics, fold the seats, as in the new Land Rover Discovery – and so on, it all depends from functionality. Moreover, this technology is already available not only on foreign cars, but also, for example, on Frets, and soon it will be on UAZ Patriot.
But these are still flowers. And how do you like the ability to make a car go without a driver, like a children's radio-controlled machine? Tesla also has this technology, and, for example, the new BMW 7 Series, which is controlled from a company key fob and allows you to get out of the car and then drive it into a tight parking lot, where you can’t open the doors. Land Rover also did not stand aside, having taught Range Rover Sport several years ago to drive without a driver who controls the car by twisting the virtual steering wheel with a finger on the smartphone screen. From the side you can control the angles of entry and exit, follow the obstacles under the bottom and select the optimal route. Then it was a prototype, but the new Defender already promises this feature.
Introducing the new Range Rover Evoque, Land Rover said it had implemented artificial intelligence algorithms into it to get Smart Settings technology that analyzes the driver’s habits and then learns to adapt to it ahead of time.
The machine "sees" the approach of the driver using a key fob and smartphone, and adjusts the position of the seat and steering wheel according to one of eight possible presets. After several trips, Evoque remembers the temperature settings of climate control, steering, the media system and the most frequently dialed numbers from the phone book depending on the time of day and week – the system will even remember what type of massage passengers prefer.
Predictive Cruise Control
Adaptive cruise control, which with the help of radar keeps the distance to the car in front and can itself accelerate or slow down – this is yesterday. Today, technology has moved even further, to predictive, that is, "predictive" systems for maintaining speed. Such cruise control is associated with navigation and through it “sees” the road, its terrain and turns several kilometers ahead, adjusting the transmission and engine speed for these conditions in advance. In addition, the work of cruise control takes into account speed limits on road sections.
Mercedes S-Class, Volkswagen Arteon, Volvo and Skoda already have these. Such systems are also used on trucks. Honda went even further by introducing the i-ACC cruise control at the updated European CR-V in 2015, which was "taught" to predict the behavior of other traffic participants and brake smoothly if the car was "cut".
Transparent hood (and not only it)
This technology debuted in serial form in 2018 on the new generation of the Range Rover Evoque crossover. The camera system in the radiator grille and mirrors creates the effect on the screen of the multimedia system, as if you are looking through the hood and motor, and you see in real time how the wheels spin, where they are turned and what is ahead. A very convenient function on the road or when parking to the curb – you can clearly see where you are going and what obstacles are in the way.
With the Range Rover Evoque, this feature began to spread across the entire Land Rover lineup. For example, it has already received an updated Discovery Sport, as well as a completely new Defender.
But the “transparent” hood is not the limit. So, at the beginning of 2019, the French company Valeo showed the promising XtraVue Trailer technology, which allows you to make the trailer behind the machine transparent. Electronics composes images from cameras into one visual stream and displays it on a special display on the front panel of the passenger compartment. In the future, technology will be “sewn up” into the media system itself. The developers claim that with this technology, maneuvers on a car towing a trailer will be easier and safer than ever.
Pedestrian and animal recognition
About ten years ago, night vision cameras were used on cars like the Mercedes-Benz S-Class and Lexus LS, which made it possible to see other living objects and vehicles on unlit pedestrian roads. But the driver was still obliged to follow the testimony himself and take measures so as not to get into an accident or to knock someone down.
Over the years, this more than useful feature has evolved to the point that automation itself not only “detects” pedestrians, cyclists and animals on the road, but also highlights them on the monitor, lights them up with headlights and brakes the car itself when there is a risk of collision. And such technologies today are available not only for Mercedes, but also for other manufacturers, and the technology over time becomes more accessible for non-premium customers.
Traffic light timer
Each driver is familiar with the situation when you drive to the traffic light on the "green", but do not know how much it will still burn. Accelerate to have time to slip or already slow down? There are countdown counters at traffic lights, but not everywhere and from afar they are not always visible. In response to this, automakers several years ago began to implement data exchange systems between the car and the road infrastructure (the so-called V2I protocols, vehicle-to-infrastructure), such as “smart” traffic lights that can “communicate” with the car via the Internet or over the air.
At the entrance to the traffic lights, an indication appears on the dashboard showing how much more green or red light will remain on. Such solutions are already being used by Toyota and Audi, however, so far, mainly in Japan and the USA, where the "smart" infrastructure is more developed. Moreover, Audi has already expanded this idea by proposing the Green Light Optimized Speed Advisory (GLOSA) – a technology where the car not only recognizes the green traffic light, but also calculates the distance to the next intersection and adjusts the ride speed to get into the "green" wave. " Jaguar Land Rover is also developing the same technology.
Automakers have been tackling this topic for many years – depriving a car of “mugs” of side mirrors in order to improve aerodynamics, and thereby reduce noise and fuel consumption. Instead of mirrors, concept cars regularly used small streamlined video cameras, but with the development of technology, manufacturers were able to transfer them to the category of serial products only in this decade.
Another modern feature is the conversion of the interior rear-view mirror into a screen to which a wide-angle image from the stern camera is transmitted. This is convenient if the rear window is narrow or blocked by things. This solution is already used by Cadillac and Land Rover.
But then the “mirrorless” tumbled down heaped. Almost simultaneously in 2018, the Audi e-tron crossover (pictured above) and the new generation Lexus ES sedan started, arguing for the right to consider the world's first production cars with such solutions. In the same year, Mercedes-Benz introduced the new generation of the Actros MP4 heavy tractor (for the first time in the freight industry), in the summer of 2020 sales of the Honda e mirrorless electric car will start … And then other manufacturers will inevitably catch up.
. (tagsToTranslate) auto technology 10 years