Ubérisé, therefore poorly protected. The collaborative platforms claim to a role of mere intermediaries between the workers and outsourcers. And have, therefore, not obligations of result of an employer’s conventional in terms of safety and health at work. In the long term, however, they would have the interest to invest in prevention, and to ” focus on the experience a worker “, they that swear by the customer experience, say the researchers from the national Institute of research and security for prevention of work accidents and occupational diseases (INRS), in a note published on Friday.
No incentive to prevention
The worker collaborative is of course the first to suffer from this lack. The deliveryman a bicycle hit by a car and is not covered by workmen’s compensation. Supported by the health insurance for the ” accident of life “, it will not be refunded to 100 %, and may not touch for a disability pension. The law El Khomri has provided the opportunity for workers to buy private insurance with a top of the platform, but the volunteers are not lining up since the implementation of this provision by the end of 2017.
beyond the issue of reparations, it is the whole edifice of the prevention work that is shattered, ” said Marc Malenfer, project manager at the INRS : ” When there is a lot of work accidents in a company, its contributions will increase. However, this mechanism tariff that encourages us to put in place preventive measures does not exist in the platforms. “ on The contrary, the collaborative environment is accident-prone, because workers are paid by task, and tend to work longer and at any time to earn a living.
Adapt working conditions
In particular, there is nothing to prevent psychosocial risks, adds the researcher : ” there is no collective work, so neither solidarity nor a transfer of know-how, and no hierarchy with which to dialogue on the organisation of work. This is not terrible in terms of prevention. “
in the Face of this atomization, the INRS invites the platforms to play a role of relay between their workers, for example to organise meetings or trainings, as it is already the case for craftsmen in the CONSTRUCTION industry. It would also be necessary to adapt working conditions, the absence of which the business the less virtuous might well have difficulty in recruiting and retaining a driver or a deliveryman on a bike.