the New Strategy of National Defense of the United States, a classified document, but whose summary of the 11 pages was presented on Friday, outlines a world in which the decisions of the u.s. Defense and the structure of forces will be based rather the competition between major world powers and the fight against terrorism.
“the Competition strategic interstate, not terrorism, is now the main concern in the framework of the national security of the US”, is shown in this summary of the defense strategy, the second of the three interconnected documents that will define the strategic position of America, notes defensenews.com.
In December, president Donald Trump and has presented the Strategy of National Security, and in the course of this year to be presented and the National Military Strategy, which would explain how it will be put into practice the Strategy of National Defense.
After the National Security Strategy presented last month, he fired a signal of alarm in China and Russia, the defense is based on guidelines similar.
By the way, us Defence secretary, Jim Mattis, who presented the document to Washington, said the US is faced with the “growing threats” from China and Russia, “powers revisionist” who “tries to create a world in accordance with their models authoritarian”.
And in this context, reveals AFP, Mattis stressed the need for modernization of the american army, whereas “competitive advantage has diminished in all areas – air, land, maritime, space and cyberspace – and do not cease to diminish.”
Competition, not confrontation
the New strategy of american defense, first in the last 10 years, “recognizes that Russia and China in particular have worked assiduously for several years to develop their military capabilities”, explained the press-secretary of Defense with responsibility for strategy, Elbridge Colby.
the Document, which has approximately 50 pages, accuses China that used “tactics economic predators to intimidate the neighbors, while militariza China Sea”.
In regards to Russia, it is denounced because he “violated the borders of neighboring countries”, an allusion to the annexation of the Ukrainian Crimea by Moscow in 2014, followed by the conflict in eastern Ukraine.
Even so, Elbridge Colby insisted that “this is not a strategy of confrontation, but a strategy that recognizes the reality of competition and the importance of the fact that “good fences make good neighbors””.
he said that the document does not represent a removal from the fight against terrorism. “One of the things the strategy is trying to do is to say that we know that we will deal with terrorism in one way or another for a long time, so let’s find ways to do this that are more effective from the point of view of costs, which are more appropriate ( … ),” said Colby.
Unpredictable for opponents
At the same time, the United States decided to be less predictable and less rigid, a measure designed to respond to the international environment all the more uncertain.
“Changing the posture of our forces, we will give priority to the preparation of combat in major conflicts, what will make us strategically predictable for our allies, but operational unpredictable to the opponents,” explained Jim Mattis.
In addition, Washington is trying to obtain from the allies a better “sharing the burden”, according to the document, which proposes the strengthening of NATO.
“we Expect our european allies to deliver on his promise to increase their budgets for defense and modernization to strengthen the alliance in the face of concerns common security”, said us Defence secretary.
“the Department (of Defense) will do more than to listen to the ideas of other states – we will be willing to let ourselves be convinced by them,” said Mattis, adding that “not all good ideas come from the country with the most aircraft carriers”.
the United States are no longer considered as the main global power
On the other hand, Germany has dethroned the United States in terms of public trust in its capabilities of driving. At least this shows a survey conducted by the Institute Gallup in 134 countries.
According to this barometer of opinion, Germany has a rate of downloads of 41%, being perceived as the main world power.
during this time, a year at the start of the presidential term of Donald Trump’s, the share of the United States has reached 30%, compared to 48% during the last year of the term of office of his predecessor, Barack Obama. In that period, the U.S. had a lead of seven percentage points in front of Germany, stated in the the sociological survey made by Gallup.
the United States of America are now obsolete, and China, whose share of downloads is 31%. As regards Russia, it is credited with 27%.
According to Gallup, the results show that the foreign policy of his Trump, as well as his speech have generated doubts about the US commitment to its foreign partners.