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Officials : the effects of ambivalent to the day of deficiency

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François Hollande, had removed to his arrival the day the deficiency is established to the employees in case of sickness. Emmanuel Macron will restore it. The topic will be on the agenda of deputies, which will debate this week of article 48 of the finance bill, which plans to restore this measure, introduced by Nicolas Sarkozy and applied in 2011 and 2012. Suffice to say that the study published on Friday by the Insee on the officials of the State, carried out his survey, Employment in these two years, comes at an opportune time.

It does not give any indications on the cost-savings that could generate the restoration of the day of deficiency, that the minister of public Accounts, Gerald Darmanin, was estimated at ” approximately € 170 million per year.” It is, however, on the actual impact on the behaviour of the agents.

The study comes to contradict a generally accepted idea according to which, by eliminating the compensation from the first day of sick leave, it would reduce their number. the ” The device does not lead to a significant change in the prevalence of absences for reason of health in a given week “, stresses the institute. But this is not to say that it has changed nothing. The study confirms that it reduces what is called the micro-absenteeism : ” absences for health reasons two days have decreased significantly with the day of deficiency “, while they remained stable in the private sector, whose regulation has not changed (3 days deficiency, offset by benefit plans in many cases). The fall would be well above 50 %.

On the other hand, the day of deficiency has not led to a drop in absences of a single day. There could be a phenomenon of substitution, the judgment being made in the form of RTT or leave. It seems, in addition, there have been a phenomenon of communicating vessels, with stops longer as the stops for health reasons from one week to three months have significantly increased, the rate of progression to advanced is 25 %.

This can be explained by three mechanisms, explains the Insee : the “fixed cost” of a day’s wage, which encourages them to lengthen in order not to risk having to stop again ; reluctant to stop, resulting in a degradation of the health more important, requiring a shutdown long ; an extension of comfort as to losing a day of pay.

The research does not focus specifically on pregnant women . Yet it is on this population that will focus the debate since the group Running the Meeting is considering filing an amendment excluding the day of deficiency, in order to avoid penalizing more particularly this population.

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