the Rate of unemployment at the highest, funding model, out of breath, support the wrong : the european week for the employment of disabled people, which starts this Monday, does not present itself under the best auspices. The government knows that it will not be able to make the economics of an in-depth reform. A reform that the national Council on disability (CNH), founded in 2003 at the initiative of Jacques Chirac, anticipates proposing to move the current penalty regime to an insurance system similar to the one that prevails to accidents in the workplace . At the time when the law of 1987 is celebrating its thirty years.
at the time, the objective of this text was clear : melt the rate of unemployment among the disabled, then the double of the national average, all public concerned. The solution had taken the form of a requirement for private businesses with 20 or more employees for at least 6 % of disabled persons among their workforce, except to pay a contribution to Agefiph, a fund created for this.
In 2005, the obligation was extended to employers in the public, giving birth to Fiphfp, the equivalent to the administration of the Agefiph.
Since, Agefiph and FIPHFP have been able to fund countless actions to be inserted, but the system is a victim of its success. Their resources are dramatically dried up today as the progress made by employers (the employment rates are 5.3 % in the public and a little more than 4 % in the private sector). In 2017, the two funds have a fiscal deficit of $ 110 million, to which must be added $ 58 million collected by the State, according to CNH.
questions cash are, in fact, that the tree that hides the forest of the many problems. The decline of the retirement age has gone hand in hand with the explosion of chronic diseases in employees. Some companies righteous have a tendency to not do anything once the 6 % achieved. Most have often attempted to maintain the employment of their own employees with disabilities to the detriment of recruitment. Moreover, the uniform rate of 6 % does not take into account the specific characteristics of the disabled, on average, less graduates than the rest of the population…
with this in mind known for some time already, the CNH did not wait to react. Vexed that the law El Khomri in 2016 has zapped the flap disability, he considered that he should be a force of proposals, recalls Hervé Allart de Hees, as its general secretary and also president and CEO of Delat Process.
Considering that it does not matter that during his professional life may be affected, the CNH proposes to introduce an insurance system in which all enterprises – including those with less than 20 employees – would be subject to an assessment universal fixed seat on the payroll.
This contribution could be set at 0.1 %, to snap to this report resources from the public and private sector. But it is insufficient to fund all the needs, argues Hervé Allart de Hees. The idea would then be to add a contribution variable depending on the behavior of the employer : the more closer to the employment rate set for their area of activity or the type of public function and the less it would pay.
In the clear, sort of a bonus malus, which looks very much like the one that the executive intends to curb the use of contracts short . The government will he go to far ? The CNH was able in any case to share his ideas with the inspection general of finance and of social affairs (IGF and Igas) in charge of a floor on a redesign of the model by the previous government.